Besides being famous for its natural beauty, it turns out that Bali is also famous for its kintamani coffee. Bali Kintamani coffee is produced from arabica coffee plants that are planted in the Kintamani highlands, precisely in Kintamani Village, Bangli Regency, Bali Province, with an altitude above 900 meters above sea level. The Kintamani area is located on the slopes of the Batur volcano. With Entisel and Inceptisol (Regusol) soil types. This area has cool and dry air with a lot of rainfall during the 6-7 months of the rainy season. Arabica coffee plants are formed from selected varieties. Coffee trees are planted under shade trees and combined with other crops and managed and given organic fertilizers. This coffee has a distinctive taste, namely citrus aroma with a low acidity level, so it is in great demand by international consumers.
The results of this coffee are dependable. It is even one of the three Indonesian coffees that has received a Unique Geographical Indication certificate, better known as a Geographical Indication. Not only that, Kintamani Coffee has a Certificate of Intellectual Property Rights with Geographical Indications. This means that Kintamani Coffee is the first to get an IPR certificate with a Geographical Indication.
The Excellence of Bali Kintamani Coffee
Arabica coffee that grows in the Kintamani tourist area has advantages that are recognized by international consumers, including its distinctive taste, resistance to pests, dense fruit and high productivity. Red logs are picked manually and selected carefully with a percentage of red logs 95%. The red log coffee is then processed wet, by fermentation for 12 hours or 36 hours and dried naturally by drying it in the sun. The processing technique developed by Kintamani farmers can realize the potential quality of the Kintamani area.
The characteristics of Kintamani Bali Coffee (coffee beans and flavors) have been studied in depth since 2003. In 2003-2004 and 2006 hundreds of samples were taken which were analyzed by coffee experts in PPKKI (Jember) and cirad (Montpelllier, France). This study produced consistent data regarding coffee bean size and flavor. Coffee samples were taken in 2003 (100 samples), 2004 (66 samples), and 2006 (38 samples). At medium roast degree, Kintamani Coffee shows homogeneous roasts, and the aroma of coffee coffee is sweet and has a hint of spices.
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The Uniqueness of Subak, a coffee producing area in Bali
Bali has only traded three types of plantation products to the export market besides coffee as well as cocoa and this is a new type of merchandise from the Island of the Gods and has entered foreign markets. Apart from Kintamani arabica coffee for Bali, there are tea, cocoa, rubber, oil palm, coconut and other commodities. Regarding the special area for Arabica coffee, Kintamani Bali covers 64 subak abian areas. The role of Subak and developing and maintaining the authenticity of this Kintamani Coffee is quite large. Apart from regulating the subak planting system, they also provide welfare to their farmers by adjusting market prices.
Not only that, in subak there are also customary rules, namely that farmers have an agreement, that their members must farm organically. No members should use chemicals. The fertilizers and pesticides are also organic. In addition to improving soil quality and increasing production, it is also to meet organic product standards. Another rule is that members are prohibited from harvesting coffee if it is not already red. The goal is to keep the coffee quality good. If there are members who violate, then he will receive customary sanctions.
The strictness of customary rules is a moral law that has been passed down from generation to generation, so that no farmer dares to break it. Even the Arabica coffee harvested by farmers in Kintamani District is also processed properly to produce export quality coffee and is able to penetrate a number of foreign markets. With the development of this leading commodity area, it is hoped that the potential for natural resources, human resources and the use of machine tool assets, including the utilization of plant resources, are expected to be better managed.
Indonesia provides a variety of Arabica and Robusta coffees from several regions of Indonesia that are well known both at home and abroad. Serving purchases for export needs to various countries with various standard grade coffee beans.